He slaughtered 600 invading Philistines with an oxgoad, a formidable weapon about 3 meters long with a sharp metal point. 3:31 An ox goad - As Samson did a thousand with the jaw - bone of an ass; both being miraculous actions, and not at all incredible to him that believes a God, who could easily give strength to effect this. The fact of their deliverer having no better weapon enhances his faith, and the power of his divine helper. He too saved Israel. Similarly the Thracian king Lycurgus is said to have chased the Bacchanals with an ox-goad (bouplêgi, II. Coming soon: our Thanksgiving email series will be an exercise in biblical renewal. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. But like Shamgar, we will share in the victories that God, the leader of his people, provides for his church as he oversees his campaign. Such an instrument, wielded by a strong arm, would do no mean execution. Shamgar - After Ehud came Shamgar son of Anath, who struck down six hundred Philistines with an oxgoad. It did not all depend on Shamgar. He too saved Israel. Israel’s peace with the Moabites then lasted for 80 … The best value in digital Bible study. First, how ordinary people like Shamgar with no military training slain 600 battle-hardened Philistines? If he slew 600 with his own hand, the whole number that perished would almost certainly have been added. & Canaan. The ox goad, as now used in those parts, is an instrument fit to do great execution with it, as Mr. Maundrell (s), who saw many of them, describes it; on measuring them, he found them to be eight feet long, at the bigger end six inches in circumference, at the lesser end was a sharp prickle for driving the oxen, and at the other end a small spade, or paddle of iron, for cleansing the plough from the clay: and he also delivered Israel, from those robbers and plunderers, and prevented their doing any further mischief in the land, and subjecting it to their power, and so may very properly be reckoned among the judges of Israel; but how long he judged is not said, perhaps his time is to be reckoned into the eighty years of rest before mentioned; or, as Abarbinel thinks, into the forty years of Deborah, the next judge; and who also observes, that their Rabbins say, Shamgar judged but one year. Iliad, vi. Shamgar means “name of a stranger” (comp. 6. ver. vi. Judges 3:31 English Standard Version (ESV) Shamgar. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Find out more here. par. In Judges 5, Deborah links Shamgar from the south with Jael from the north. (l) So that it is not the number, nor the means that God regards, when he will get the victory. (q) Homer. It is probable Shamgar was following the plough, when the Philistines made an inroad into the country. l. 1. c. 18. col. 446. New International Version (NIV). 134), and that in this very neighbourhood (“near Carmel,” Nonnus, Dionys. v. 4, § 3), following some Jewish hagadah, says that Shamgar was chosen judge, but died in the first year of his office. Second, What can we learn from Shamgar today? Six hundred men.—It has been most needlessly assumed that he slew them single-handed, and not, as is probable, at the head of a band of peasants armed with the same rude weapons as himself. We may suppose, however, for the notice is very fragmentary, that Shamgar was only the leader of a band of peasants, who by means of such implements of labor as they could lay hold of at the moment, achieved the heroic exploit recorded. 20). Judges 3:30 So Moab was subdued under the hand of Israel that day, and the land had rest for eighty years. The son of Anath.—There was a Beth-anath in Naphtali, but Shamgar could hardly have belonged to Northern Israel. This may have been a mere inference, from his being passed over in Judges 4:1. At the same time it shows how low the men of Judah were brought at this time, being disarmed by their oppressors Judges 5:8, as was also the case later 1 Samuel 13:19. slew … six hundred men with an oxgoad—This instrument is eight feet long and about six inches in circumference. Being disarmed, the Israelites would be unable to find any more effective weapon (Judges 5:6; Judges 5:8). After him was Shamgar — He was the third judge of the Israelites, and delivered them from some small oppressions which they suffered from the Philistines. $3.99 a month for 40+ study tools. And after him was Shamgar the son of Anath, which slew of the Philistines six hundred men with an ox, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. which slew of the Philistines six hundred men; who invaded the land, and came in an hostile manner into it; or rather, as it seems from Judges 5:6; they entered as a banditti of thieves and robbers, who posted themselves in the highways, and robbed travellers as they passed, so that they were obliged to leave off travelling, or go through bypaths, and not in the public road; and this man, who seems to have been called from the plough to be a judge of Israel, as some among the Romans were called from thence to be dictators and deliverers of them from the Gauls: with an ox goad; which he had used to push on his oxen with at ploughing, cleared the country of them, and with no other weapon than this slew six hundred of them, either at certain times, or in a body together; which is no ways incredible, being strengthened and succeeded by the Lord, any more than Samson's slaying a thousand men with the jawbone of an ass, Judges 15:15. Jdg 3:31. He does not mention his deed of prowess. 135. Last time we considered Ehud, a valiant left-handed judge who led the people to victory against the Moabites. Judges 3:31.Shamgar was the son of Anath and from the tribe of Benjamite. Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Iliad. The writer of Judges doesn’t say much about Shamgar other than he was the son of Anath that he killed 600 Philistines and like Ehud delivered Israel. renders it “besides the oxen.” These translations are not tenable. Samson had nothing better than the jawbone of an ass (Judges 15:15). So Lycurgus is said to put to flight the forces of Bacchus with an ox goad (q) which is said to be done near Carmel, a mountain in Judea, which makes it probable that this is hammered out of the sacred history; or that Shamgar and Lycurgus are the same, as Bochart conjectures (r). Hom. 134. (s) Journey to Aleppo, &c. p. 110, 111. Copyright © 2019 by Zondervan. 31 After him was (A)Shamgar the son of Anath, who killed 600 of the Philistines (B)with an oxgoad, and he also (C)saved Israel. In my sermon today I want to answer two questions. 1. l. 2. c. 39. col. 385. Ehud proved himself to have been raised up by the Lord as the deliverer of Israel, simply by the fact that he actually delivered his people from the bondage of the Moabites, and it by no means follows that the means which he selected were either commanded or approved by Jehovah. Jos 13:2; Jdg 10:11; 13:1; 1Sa 5:1; 31:1; 2Sa 8:1; Jer 25:20; 47:1, NIV, Beautiful Word Bible Journal, Romans, Comfort Print, NIV, The Story: The Bible as One Continuing Story of God and His People, NIV, Biblical Theology Study Bible, Comfort Print: Follow God’s Redemptive Plan as It Unfolds throughout Scripture, NIV, Chronological Study Bible: Holy Bible, New International Version, NIV, Beautiful Word Bible Journal, Luke, Comfort Print. Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. And after him was Shamgar the son of Anath, which slew of the Philistines six hundred men with an ox goad: and he also delivered Israel. Judges 5:6 In the days of Shamgar son of Anath, in the days of Jael, the highways were deserted and the travelers took the byways. New International Version Update. i. NIV Reverse Interlinear Bible: English to Hebrew and English to Greek. He ruled for an unknown number of years. Comp. Disarmament was the universal policy of ancient days (1Samuel 13:19); and this reduced the Israelites to the use of inventive skill in very simple weapons (1Samuel 17:40; 1Samuel 17:43). 15, § 4). (Codex B) and Vulgate have “with a ploughshare;” and the Alexandrian Codex of the LXX.