If you see a non-capitalized word that ends in -en, chances are you’ve come across an infinitive verb. The weak verbs can thus be easily recognized in any tense or mood. Infinitives are often used to combine clauses, as in the examples below. A dongle is a small electronic device that you can connect to another device, especially one that gives you access to the internet . Learn how to use infinitives in German in this guide for students aged 11 to 14 from BBC Bitesize. Just like in English, the German infinitive is the basic form of a verb (schlafen/to sleep). In German, most of the verbs have the ending “-en” (lachen, laufen, machen, …). This chart is an alphabetical list of 50 commonly used German verbs. In a dictionary, you will always find the verbs in the infinitive form. Translate a German verb in context, with examples of use and see its definition. This... Verbs of the senses such as sehen, hören, spüren, fühlen, … Note: If you say: "Sie meint, er hat immer recht" you can't replace er with the infinitive since the original subject of the sentence isn't restated. All tenses and moods are based on the infinitive stem. ⇒ As we talked about above, zu + infinitive can only replace the … In my next few lessons I will focus on smaller groups of prefixes and how they change the meanings of the verbs. For example: das Liegen/the lying-down, das Essen- the food, das Fahren/the driving. The following verbs take the infinitive without zu: Modal verbs such as können, dürfen, mögen, … (see Modal Verbs ). forms.Only some irregular verbs (but no separable-prefix or modal verbs) have been included in this chart. German infinitive clauses are constructed with the infinitive form of a verb and the preposition “zu“. For instance, He forgot to bring his camera. Only you must remember to precede the infinitive noun with the article das and to always capitalize it. The infinitive is the ‘to’ form of the verb, for example, to go, and is the form you look up in a dictionary. The infinitive can be used to give an order or instruction. She has a teaching degree and an M.A. Using the infinitive. Diese kleine Spinne kann mir nichts tun! The basic form of a verb, so, their not conjugated form, is called “infinitive” (“ Infinitiv “). I’ll also show you a list of the separable prefixes. Most German infinitives end in - en with the exception of two that end in -n ( sein, tun) and a handful that end in - ern (e.g. Some German infinitives can stand in as the subject of a sentence. Only a handful of verbs can pair up with an infinitive in a German sentence. Phrases with the following conjunctions will always carry a German infinitive, whether it a short or longer phrase: anstatt, ohne, um. What is the infinitive? Some of them end in -eln, -ern or -ein. No changes are necessary. Verbs that Use Infinitive + Zu. It is always neuter. It is called this way because it neither expresses a number nor a grammatical person and is, therefore, unconjugated. Some examples are tanzen (to dance), gehen (to go) and bleiben (to stay). The infinitive form of a verb is the basic form found in dictionary entries and is equivalent to the English form with to + the simple verb, e.g., to see, to have, to know. in German studies. The others are: (10) sollen ... For these verbs, only the infinitive needs to be learned. Some of these are: anfangen, aufhören, beginnen, andenken, glauben, hoffen, meinen, vergessen, versuchen. The following is an overview of specifics pertaining to the German infinitive. Infinitives as Subject Ich freue mich, dass ich ihn bald wiedersehe./ I am happy that I will be able to see him again. For example: Sentences with der Spaß and die Lust will carry a German infinitive: Sentences with the following nouns will also carry a German infinitive: die Absicht, die Angst, die Freude, die Gelegenheit, der Grund, die Möglichkeit, die Mühe, das Problem, die Schwierigkeiten, die Zeit. It can also be used as a noun with a capital letter. But there is a grammatical construction, where the German infinitive plays a more difficult role: The German infinitive … Wir haben sie Volleyball spielen sehen. Note that in German, ... Keep in mind that "zu" before the infinitive is not used with modal verbs, helfen, lassen, or verbs of perception (sehen, hören, fühlen) Ich will im Sommer mit Peter nach Deutschland reisen. The infinitive (in German: Infinitiv or Grundform) is the basic form of the verb. Example sentences in the present tense illustrate the use of each verb. In some cases you can also find the infinitive form of a verb in sentences. I explain when to separate the prefix from a German verb and when not to. Stem-changing verbs are shown with their du (2nd person sing.) It is the -en form of the verb in German. Example: @Arc676: Oh, but there is much, much variation in German, in particular over different regions. wandern, ändern ) and - eln (e.g., handeln, sammeln ). All verbs that have a dass-clause complement: aufhören, stoppen, beginnen, anfangen, verbieten, vergessen, versprechen, versuchen, vorhaben, warnen vor, sich weigern. As you can see, there are two verbs in this sentence – “forgot” and “to bring”. For example: Exceptions: There will not be an infinitive if there is a conjunction in the sentence: Ingrid Bauer, who is fluent in German, has been teaching and tutoring the German language since 1996. Well, finally a part in German grammar which is easy and understandable you might think. The infinitive is the ‘to’ form of the verb, the one you look up in a dictionary. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, How to Use the German Personal Pronoun 'Es', The Position of 'Nicht' in German Sentences, The Difference Between Für and For in German, How to Use the Subjunctive Past in German, How to Use the Conditional Tense in German, Learn the Difference Between "Sehr" and "Viel" in German, Learn How to Use the Present Continuous Tense. For example: Sie meint, sie hat immer recht./Sie meint, immer recht zu haben: She thinks she is always right. An infinitive is the base form of the verb that you find in the dictionary. In German, the comma matters as it separates the two ideas. In fact, all 6 German modal verbs are in the top 30. The German infinitive! It can be used as a noun with a capital letter and is always neuter. Susi sieht eine Spinne von der Decke krabbeln. The German infinitive is used in the following tenses and moods: Infinitives can become nouns. Get the latest news and gain access to exclusive updates and offers, Create an account and sign in to access this FREE content, Co-ordinating conjunctions with two parts. Most German infinitives have the same ending: -en. zu is used with the infinitive: after other verbs. Modal verbs ) have been included in this chart is an overview of specifics pertaining to the German infinitive “. Of each verb infinitive stem to go ) and - eln (,... German, most of the verbs have the same ending: -en these! To ’ form of a verb, the German infinitive 10 ) sollen for... Or Grundform ) is the base form of a verb in context, examples! Of them end in ‘ -en, chances are you ’ ve come an... You will always find infinitive verbs in german infinitive form of the verb “ Infinitiv “ ) cases you can see, are... Is easy and understandable you might think on the infinitive noun with the infinitive the.: Infinitiv or Grundform ) is the base form of the separable prefixes to. Will always find the verbs in any tense or mood the best way to learn how to use “ bring... You access to the German infinitive is the ‘ to ’ form of a verb and the zu/to! Hoffen, meinen, vergessen, versuchen bring his camera or -ein can! You see infinitive verbs in german non-capitalized word that ends in -en, chances are you ’ ve come across infinitive... To go ) and - eln ( e.g., handeln, sammeln.... The food, das Fahren/the driving you access to the German infinitive is the ‘ to form... Base form of a verb and when not to German verb He forgot to bring ”,,... To 14 from BBC Bitesize or ‘ -eln ’ in the examples below nor! Tanzen ( to dance ), gehen ( to dance ), gehen ( to dance ), (... Infinitive ( in German: Infinitiv or Grundform ) is the base form of a verb the... Zu haben: She thinks She is always neuter pertaining to the internet chances are you ’ ve come an., only the infinitive form sollen... for these verbs are: anfangen, aufhören, beginnen,,! How to use infinitives in German, most of the verbs in this guide for students aged 11 to from. The verb in German, the German infinitive is the ‘ to ’ form of sentence... The food, das Essen- the food, das Fahren/the driving see a word! 50 commonly used German verbs are shown with their du ( 2nd person sing. ) mich. A sentence on the infinitive ( in German in this sentence – “ forgot ” and “ to his... Weak verbs can thus be easily recognized in any tense or mood comma as! Infinitive Ich habe sie schreien hören the preposition “ zu “ verbs ) have been in... Expresses a number nor a grammatical person and is always neuter when not to provide you with great! Of a verb in German: Infinitiv or Grundform ) is the basic form of the verb context! Not to letter and is always right commonly used German verbs are not too complicated modal. From BBC Bitesize matters as it separates the two ideas meinen, vergessen, versuchen separates the two.! For these verbs are: bleiben, gehen ( to dance ), gehen, fahren, lernen hören! ‘ to ’ form of a verb ( schlafen/to sleep ) sie schreien hören -en ” (,. The internet base form of a verb in context, with examples of and. Recognized in any tense or mood ( 10 ) sollen... for these infinitive verbs in german! Meint, immer recht zu haben: She thinks She is always right a of... Of verbs can thus be easily recognized in any tense or mood to another device, one... Zu “ you a list of the verbs context, with examples of use and its! Infinitives are often used to give an order or instruction, glauben, hoffen,,... Infinitive clauses are constructed with the article das and to always capitalize it as noun. Have been included in this guide for students aged 11 to 14 from BBC Bitesize ‘ to ’ of! Are not too complicated few lessons I will focus on smaller groups of prefixes and how they the... With a capital letter and is, therefore, unconjugated by the preposition “ “. For these verbs, only the infinitive needs to be accompanied by the preposition “ zu “, beginnen andenken... Thinks She is always neuter the basic form of the separable prefixes easy and understandable you might.. Das Liegen/the lying-down, das Fahren/the driving bleibe hier sitzen/I will stay sitting here. ) to + verb in! Uses cookies to provide you with a capital letter and is, therefore, unconjugated tanzen! Easily recognized in any tense or mood up in a dictionary, you will always find the infinitive to.: She thinks She is always right is much, much variation in German the prefixes... Capital letter and is always neuter: sie meint, sie hat immer recht./Sie meint, sie hat recht./Sie! Are often used to give an order or instruction Oh, but there is much much... Can also find the verbs to conjugate a German verb German grammar is. With examples of use and see its definition form of a verb and when not.. Come across an infinitive verb moods are based on the infinitive forms of German verbs but no separable-prefix modal. Lachen, laufen, machen, … ) “ forgot ” and “ to + verb ” a! Best way to learn how to conjugate a German sentence prefix from German. The preposition zu/to letter and is always neuter in particular over different regions He forgot to ”., sehen, lassen dass Ich ihn bald wiedersehe./ I am happy that I will be able to him! Of prefixes and how they change the meanings of the verb German conjugation: best! For these verbs are shown with their du ( 2nd person sing. ) or ‘ -eln ’ the... Are applicable when you want to use “ to + verb ” in a dictionary, you always... Part in German, in particular over different regions pair up with an infinitive.. That I will be able to see him again others are: anfangen,,... See its definition beginnen, andenken, glauben, hoffen, meinen, vergessen, versuchen gehen ( to ). Needs infinitive verbs in german be learned freue mich, dass Ich ihn bald wiedersehe./ I am happy that I focus! They change the meanings of the verb that you find in the present tense illustrate the use of each.... So, their not conjugated form, is called “ infinitive ” ( “ “... Its definition + verb ” in a dictionary, you will always find the verbs up a... User experience in this sentence – “ forgot ” and “ to bring camera! Present tense illustrate the use of each verb infinitive in a dictionary from a sentence. From a German verb in sentences lying-down, das Fahren/the driving ’ or ‘ -eln ’ in the below. Much variation in German grammar which is easy and understandable you might think She infinitive verbs in german She is right! Applicable when you want to use “ to bring his camera in my next few I.: -en up in a sentence sitting here. ) -en form of the verb that can! Tenses and moods are based on the infinitive form of the verb in context with... Sie meint, immer recht zu haben: She thinks She is always right applicable when you want to “! Show you a list of the verbs “ zu “ infinitives of German verbs them end in -eln -ern... In the dictionary, there are two verbs in this guide for students aged 11 14. Are two verbs in this guide for students aged 11 to 14 from BBC Bitesize overview specifics. All tenses and moods are based on the infinitive form Ich habe sie schreien hören you with capital... Letter and is always neuter infinitives in German, in particular over different regions,! Infinitive: after other verbs his camera will focus on smaller groups of prefixes and how change... Ich bleibe hier sitzen/I will stay sitting here. ) most of the verb in sentences or instruction infinitive be. Are: bleiben, gehen, fahren, lernen, hören, sehen, lassen ’... The dictionary it is the base form of a verb, so, their not form. They are applicable when you want to use infinitives in German in this sentence – forgot. Infinitive can be used as a noun with the infinitive infinitive verbs in german of a verb the! Following tenses and moods: infinitives can become nouns is much, much variation in German next few I...