Having briefly deposed his father Louis the Pious in 833-4, Lothair succeeded as sole emperor on the death of Louis in 840. Another problem is the potential consanguinity between the parties. On Maundy Thursday 817, Louis and his court were crossing a wooden gallery from the cathedral to the palace in Aachen when the gallery collapsed, killing many. He was also King of the Franks and co-Emperor (as Louis I) with his father, Charlemagne, from 813. So schickte Ludwig 829 sicherlich auch auf ihr Drängen hin seinen erstgeborenen Sohn und Mitkaiser Lothar nach Italien und verwies Abt Wala von Corbie vom Hof. Gisela (820–874), heiratete um 836 Eberhard, Markgraf von Friaul (Unruochinger) († 16. Louis then, in a final flash of glory, rushed into Bavaria and forced the younger Louis into the Ostmark. He conquered Barcelona from the Muslims in 801 and asserted Frankish authority over Pamplona and the Basques south of the Pyrenees in 812.  He was the third son of Charlemagne by his wife Hildegard. Soon dispute plunged the surviving brothers into a civil war that was only settled in 843 by the Treaty of Verdun, which split the Frankish realm into three parts, to become the kernels of France and Germany, with Burgundy and the Low Countries between them. Charles received all lands west of the Rhône, called West Francia. She supported her brother Lothaire against her half-brother Charles and, in Oct 841, imprisoned Adalgar at Laon. Casseneuil, Lot-et-Garonne, Aquitaine, Carolingian Empire (within present France), Liburnia - the cradle of Croatian ethnogenesis, Kings and Queens of France and Their Spouses, Hildegarde d'Aquitaine, Abbesse de Saint-Jean-de-Laon, Alpaïs de Paris, Abbesse de St-Pierre de Reims, Charles 'the Younger', King of the Franks. Seine unverheirateten, aber nicht entsprechend lebenden Schwestern verwies er vom Hof. Wenn es bei Karls Reichsteilungsplan (Divisio Regnorum) von 806 geblieben wäre, hätte Ludwig allenfalls eine spätere Erweiterung seines Unterkönigtums auf Septimanien, die Provence und Burgund erhoffen können. The sons were not given independence from central authority, however, and Charlemagne ingrained in them the concepts of empire and unity by sending them on military expeditions far from their home bases. HROTRUD [Rotrude] (-).  Einhardi Annales 819, MGH SS I, p. 206. Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris records that "quondam duce Bernhardo, qui erat de stirpe regali" was accused of violating "Iudith reginam" but comments that this was all lies. The despicable show of disloyalty and disingenuousness earned the site the name Field of Lies, or Lügenfeld, or Campus Mendacii, ubi plurimorum fidelitas exstincta est.