FASD may include life-long learning disabilities, poor memory, hyperactivity, poor attention span, speech or language delays and other disorders. Alcohol distributes into body water. Home » Module 1: Gender Matters » Content » What is Alcohol? Consumption of small amounts of alcohol are reported to have beneficial cardiovascular health benefits, particularly the consumption of red wine. Ethanol is the form of alcohol contained in beverages including beer, wine, and liquor. Therefore, when a person consumes more alcohol than the body can metabolize, intoxication occurs. Heart Disease. Accessed 1/17/2012. "Hydroxy" appears in a name if there is a higher priority functional group in the molecule. Red wine contains substances such as resveratrol and flavonoids that have antioxidant properties and may lend cardioprotective effects to the heart. Over 2 million recovered alcoholics in the United States, Canada, and other countries belong to AA.13, Medical treatments for alcohol dependence include three approved oral medications - disulfiram (Antabuse), naltrexone (Depade, Revia) and acamprosate (Campral) - and an injectable long-acting form of naltrexone (Vivitrol). Er ontstaat dan een ester. Some patients may opt to join Alcoholic Anonymous (AA), a group support organization available for men and women since 1935. Alcohol Alert. Al- is the Arabic definite article, equivalent to the in English. Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. If you like my answer, please upvote it and be my follower if possible. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 30 PH 359 October 1995, Updated October 2000. Women who are planning to become pregnant or who have recently learned they are pregnant should not drink alcohol. Intoxication occurs because the liver is unable to metabolize more than one ounce of alcohol every hour. Adults from the National Health Interview Survey, the percent of adults 18 years of age and older who were current regular drinkers (at least 12 drinks in the past 12 months) was 50.9 percent. FAS may lead to growth retardation, mental disorders, skeletal and facial abnormalities, and heart defects. In 2009, current alcohol use rates among high school students decreased to 42 percent, with 24 percent reporting episodic heavy or binge drinking.8, In 2009, 10 percent of high school students reported driving during the past 30 days when they had been drinking alcohol. Twenty-eight percent of students reported riding in a car or other vehicle during the past 30 days driven by someone else who had been drinking alcohol.8. The Difference Between Alcohol and Ethanol. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. BAC is usually expressed in grams per deciliter (g/dL). Secundaire alcoholen reageren wel, maar minder snel, vaak is het zuuranhydride nodig. The alcohol in alcoholic beverages is ethanol. Centers for Disease Control and prevention. Alcohol and Drug Studies. It was used as an antiseptic, eyeliner, and cosmetic. March 4, 2011. Surgeon Generals Office warn women not to drink during pregnancy. The common names for methyl alcohol—methanol—and isopropyl alcohol—isopropanol—follow the same rules.